Strength of College
GARDENS AND MAHARAJBAGH ZOO
SATPUDA BOTANIC GARDEN
About Satpuda Botanic Garden
“Satpuda Botanic Garden” one of the Biodiversity park in India is established during the year 1995-2002 with the financial assistance of Rs 6 Crores from Government of Maharashtra under Nagpur Development Plan.
Project report was assigned for preparation to the NBRI, Lucknow a national laboratory under the set up of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. According to the aims and objectives various garden features, plant houses and other infrastructural facilities suggested by the expert committee, the project report was prepared and thereby the plan worked in the action in form of “Satpuda Botanic Garden”
The Satpuda Botanic Garden is a member of Botanic Garden Conservation International London.UK the since, 1997, and is having a continue correspondent collaboration with BGCI. The Garden is opened for public from 1st January 2003 after inaugurated by Hon’ble Chief Minister Shri Vilasrao Deshmukh, on dated 18th December 2002.
The Satpuda Botanic Garden is established on 25 ha. Of land adjacent to Telankhedi garden belonging to College of Agriculture, Nagpur under Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola. Nagpur district lies between 20o 35’ and 21o 44’ N latitude and 78o 15’ and 79o 40’ East longitude and stretched over an area of 9930 sq.km. The Botanic Garden has 3 hills and 2 valleys with beautiful pleasant surroundings of natural biodiversity. The soil strata of the garden are partially decomposed murum strata without top soil cover which was exposed due to erosion. To collect and maintain the different plant species at such a soil location is difficult task but the University has accepted a challenge and start a little with a progress to convert this into the largest and best biodiversity park in India.
OBJECTIVES AND ACTIVITIES OF THE SATPUDA BOTANIC GARDEN
· Repository of germplasm collection for having a wide genetic base with special reference to the representatives of plant species of ornamental, economic and educative importance including endangered and endemic taxa.
· Enrichment of the garden with indigenous plant species of ornamental and commercial importance found in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state.
· Developing know-how on Agro-technology on plant species of ornamental and economic importance.
· Studies on biodiversity of plant species.
· Supply of authentic plant material to Research Institutes, Universities and other organizations for the R & D work.
· Organization and participation in flower shows and science exhibitions with a view to create awareness about plants among the general public, connoisseurs and scientific community.
· Promotion of educational and environmental programme.
· Training in ornamental horticulture and garden management at various levels.
· Technical advice/ consultancy on horticulture and landscaping.
· Dissemination of generated information through publications, scientific and popular literature, bulletins, media coverage, radio and television talks.
· Providing recreational services for the general public of Nagpur region.
· Interface between plant, Science and people.
FOCAL POINTS IN THE GARDEN
Viewer’s Gallery and Sky cafe
It is an Elevated Storage Reservoir (ESR) located in the centre of the garden having 3.5 lakh liters capacity of water storage. It is one of the source of irrigation water which is filled with water from wells. It has inbuilt restaurant, viewer’s gallery and sky cafe.
Conservatory is an essential component of the Botanic Garden especially under the subtropical conditions because it is very difficult to grow all types of house plants successfully in the open. The conservatory is constructed by using 75% shed net with the objective to cut the light intensity and to provide high relative humidity through fogging inside the house. Thus, a congenial clime tic condition is provided to plants for proper growth and development. At present 120 Nos. of species have been conserved.
Apart from this one net house is erected to maintain spps. and nursery plants.
Considering the need of the climatic conditions required for the growth of ferns, a structure likewise with head covering of shed net is constructed. As ferns are important pteridophytic flora a special attention is made of conservation of different ferns species.
A collection of varied species of cactus is maintained in and outside of the cacti house.
This is one of the most attractive recreation point maintained with palms and collection of different species of flowers and ornamental plants.
BOTANIC COLLECTION AND CONSERVATION
The botanic conservation of the Satpuda Botanic Garden is displayed through their plantation at various locations so as to have collection of identical varieties/ types at appropriate locations considering the aesthetics and these are –
An arboretum is a well identified collection of trees and shrubs of indigenous and exotic origin meant for conservation, scientific research and education. It is the most significant component of botanic garden and hence will occupy the largest area covering about 600 species (trees and shrubs from 85 families)
Ø Bambusetum –
An area of about 1.5 ha is reserved under plantation of different bamboo species and verities and need to be collected maximum from all over the country.
Ø Palmatum -
This is developed as a part of arboretum and 30 varieties of palm will be included in this section.
A collection of more than 200 varieties will be planted which will include H.T., Floribunda, Miniatures and climbing roses.
Ø Bougainvillea -
Colorful bracts of bougainvillea are also fascinating. Its multicolor has made it most popular garden plant and all the sloppy areas are identified for bougainvillea plantation of fragrant trees, shrubs, climbers etc.
Ø Japanese Garden –
The location is having a natural landscape look enriched with the plantation of the different plant species, lawn, stream, bridge and other features. The site may need to be more beautiful with the plantation of varieties of shrubs and herbs.
Ø Herbal garden –
Herbal plants are the bases of Ayurveda and Unani system of medicine. A herbal garden with the collection and under plantation of varied medicinal plant species including trees, shrubs and herbs (annuals, biannuals, perennials and climbers) is an important site of botanic garden. It is stretched over an area of about one hectare.
Ø Aquatic garden –
For conservation of aquatic plants, 2 water bodies have been created
Ø Plant nursery-
Plant nursery is an important activity of the Botanic Garden. The work of multiplication of these plants is being in operation in this nursery.
Ø Rare and Endangered plant section –
This section needs to be established and developed for ex- situ conservations of rare endangered plants. It is proposed to develop a separate section for these plants.
Ø Poly houses –
Two poly houses of 250 and 500 sq.m. have been developed. The poly houses are under the plantation of gerbera and Dutch roses the most attractive and high value cut flowers. The plantation of other high value flower crops like Anthurium, Orchids in these poly houses will be undertaken.
Professor of Horticulture and Officer Incharge,
Satpuda Botanic Garden,
Near Futala Lake, Vayusena nagar,
Dr.PDKV, College of Agriculture,
Nagpur – 440033
Phone : +91 0712
Fax : +91 0712-2554820