All India Crop Improvement Project
2. Faculty Information
6. Research Activities and Research Achievements
7. Research Recommendations
The research work in mustard was initiated in Botany Department of College of Agriculture, Nagpur in 1993. The main objective was to evolve the genotypes suited to non-traditional area of Vidarbha region. All India Crop Improvement Project had a sub centre sanctioned at Nagpur, in the XI five year plan with a post of Junior Breeder, Junior Agronomist and Two Technical Assistants. The Scheme became operational from July 2009.
The Scheme was sanctioned with the objective of horizontal increase in mustard in non-traditional areas of Maharashtra . Farmers of Maharashtra do not grow mustard as a sole crop on a larger area. Mustard can be a good alternative crop for other traditional crops like wheat , since mustard requires less irrigation as compared to wheat. With the introduction of soybean as a major kharif crop in Vidarbha , mustard may fit well in cropping system as second crop in rabi after soybean.
The environmental conditions in Maharashtra are favorable for growing mustard. Since the temperature during winter ranges from 10 -150C to 25-300C from October to Feb./ March. After March there is drastic increase in temperature. So the early maturing varieties are desirable.
Research on Mustard is conducted at E.A.D farm and at Shankar nagar farm of College of Agriculture, Nagpur .
Mandate and objectives
1. Mustard Breeding
a) Development of varieties with early maturity for non-traditional areas.
b) Development of high yielding and high oil content varieties for non-traditional areas.
c) Development of varieties resistant to powdery mildew and screening of breeding material to powdery mildew .
1. Mustard Agronomy
a) Development of most beneficial intercropping system with wheat, chickpea and linseed .
b) Development of suitable cropping system involving mustard using rice fallow system .
2. Mustard Pathology
a) Screening of mustard genotypes for powdery mildew .
Ongoing Breeding programmes
Major areas of ongoing programme
The current research program me on mustard is going on following aspects:-
a] Germplasm collection, evaluation and utilization in breeding programme.
b] Breeding for high yield and oil content
c] Breeding for earliness
d] Evaluation of newly developed lines in station trial and at multilocation in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra
An alternative Variety to Pusabold was released by this centre in Joint-Agresco of Maharashtra Agriculture University held at Parbhani during June 2005 by the name ACN-9 (Shatabdi). This variety was notified in the year 2007
The salient features of this variety are
1) Earliness Early than pusa bold by 8 days.
2) Plant height ACN-9 (129 cm) & Pusa bold (149 cm) & can tolerate lodging.
ACN-9 has 7.2 % increased seed yield & oil yield over Pusa bold.
AICRP on Mustard
Near Horticulture Section,
College of Agriculture,
Nagpur - 440001
Scientists - AICRP Mustard, Nagpur
Prof. Beena M. Nair
Prof. Dr. D.D. Mankar
Mah.State Agri. Dept
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