DR.PANJABRAO DESHMUKH KRISHI VIDYAPEETH, AKOLA MAHARASHTRA,INDIA 

 

COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, NAGPUR
(Estd. 1906)
 

 

 

 


 

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 All India Crop Improvement Project

***  Linseed  ***

College of Agriculture, Nagpur

 

1.   About Project  

2.   Scientist working in project

3.   Agro Climatic Information

4.   Infrastructure Facilities

5.   Mandate and objective of projects

6.   Research Activities and Research Achievements

7.   Variety Released

8.   Contact Information

 

 

ALL INDIA COORDINATED RESEARCH

PROJECT ON OILSEEDS

(LINSEED, SESAME & MUSTARD)

 

06

 

College of Agriculture, Nagpur

Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth,

Akola (Maharashtra)


 

ALL INDIA COORDINATED RESEARCH PROJECT ON OILSEEDS

(LINSEED, SESAME & MUSTARD)

 

 

About Project

 

            The AICRP on linseed and sesame was established at main campus of Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola in April 1985. Subsequently this project was shifted to College of Agriculture, Nagpur from 1987 and AICRP on Rapeseed Mustard in June 2009. The work on the improvement of linseed in the Vidarbha region was started in the section of Economic Botanist, Nagpur in 1924-25 and one high yielding strain, EB-3 with higher oil content was developed. From 1934 to 1944, the work on this crop was done under the Oilseeds Research Scheme, Central Provinces, Nagpur and two improved strains, No-3 and No-55 possessing higher yield and higher oil content were developed. These strains though well suited to Vidarbha conditions were not resistant to rust. Attempts were, therefore made to develop rust resistant, high- yielding strains such as IP-135 and IP-328. As a result of hybridization and subsequent selection, one improved strain, C-429 was developed and released for cultivation in 1958. It combines high yield and high oil content No.-3 with rust resistance of IP-135. After the establishment of All India Coordinated Research Project on Linseed and Sesame in 1987 at College of Agriculture, Nagpur following varieties were released for commercial cultivation. Dr. P. B. Ghorade, was the Principal Scientist of this AICRP Project.

A.           Linseed

1)   NL-97 (1999)

2)   NL-142 (2004) (Identified for Zone-III Irrigated)

3)   NL-165 (2007) (Identified for Zone-III Irrigated)

4)   PKV-NL-260 (2009)

B.           Sesame

1)   N-8

2)   AKT-64 (Kharif) (1995-96)

3)   AKT-101 (Summer) (2001)

4)   PKV-NT-11 (Summer) (2009)

C.            Mustard

                   1) PKV-Shatak (2005)

 

Linseed:

          Linseed is an important oilseed crop in India and occupies 468.0 thousand ha with productivity of 349 kg/ha. In Maharashtra linseed is grown on 68.0 thousand ha with productivity of 279 kg/ha (Table-1.1). The cultivation of linseed is mainly concentrated in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. The productivity in Maharashtra is low due to cultivation of linseed under no input condition, utera system of cropping and major linseed growing areas under moisture stress situation. However, there is an increase in Area (+25.93%), Production (+58.33%) and Productivity (+25.68) over 2002-2003 with the release of Linseed variety NL-97 in 1999.

          Every part of the linseed plant is utilized commercially either directly or after processing. The linseed oil primarily goes to industries for manufacture of paints, varnish, oil cloth, linoleum and pad ink. The oil cake is a good for milch cattle. The stem yields fiber of good quality having high strength and durability. The woody matter and short fibers are used as a raw pulp for making paper of quality. Linseed oil possesses a very healthy fatty acid profile, particularly, Omega-3 (Alpha Linolenic Acid), richest source only in linseed (58%). ALA provides beneficial effects in numerous clinical conditions such as, cardiovascular disease, inflammatory disorders, immune function and cancer etc.

Area, Production and Productivity of Linseed in Maharashtra and India

(2002 to 2007).

 

Year

Maharashtra

India

Area (lakh ha)

Production (lakh tonnes)

Productivity (Kg/ha)

Area (lakh ha)

Production (lakh tonnes)

Productivity (Kg/ha)

2002 – 2003

0.540

0.120

222

4.501

1.767

393

2003 – 2004

0.630

0.150

238

4.765

1.965

412

2004 – 2005

0.500

0.110

220

4.487

1.697

378

2005 – 2006

0.650

0.180

277

4.368

1.725

395

2006 – 2007

0.680

0.160

235

4.365

1.679

385

2007-2008

0.680

0.190

279

4.679

1.634

349

% increase / decrease in 2007-08 over 2002-03 in APY

(+) 25.93

(+) 58.33

(+) 25.68

(+) 3.95

(-) 7.53

(-) 11.20

 

Mandate and Objectives of the Project

Linseed Breeding

i.      Development of high yielding varieties with high oil content for rainfed conditions.

ii.     Development of short duration varieties (105 days).

iii.    Development of Linseed varieties resistance to budfly, alternaria blight and powdery mildew.

iv.   Screening of Germplasm under abiotic stress.

v.    Maintenance, evaluation and utilization of germplasm.

vi.    Value addition and product diversification for pharmaceutical and neutraceuticals purpose.

 

Linseed Agronomy

i.      To study the production potentials and economics of different crops.

ii.     To find out optimum dose of NP for linseed crop sequence.

iii.    To find out suitable sowing scheduled and variety of Linseed for prevalent double cropping systems of the region.

iv.   To find out suitable moisture conservation practices for Linseed cultivation under rainfed conditions.

v.    To find out optimum seed rate as well as extra early variety of Linseed for zone IV.

vi.   To find out the response of AVT (I) 2nd year entries to sowing schedule and fertilizer application.

vii.  To find out response of AVT (R) and EEMT entries of zone IV to seed rate and fertilizer application.

 

Linseed Pathology

i.      To know the prevailance of linseed diseases occurring in the region.

ii.     To evaluate genotypes resistant against Powdery mildew.

iii.    To judge the tolerance potential of genotypes against Powdery mildew under natural and artificial condition.

iv.   To screen the advance breeding cultures before including in IVT for Powdery mildew resistant.

v.    To know the disease reaction in breeding and agronomical trials against Powdery mildew and Alternaria blight.

 

Linseed Entomology

i.      To study the population dynamics of major insect pest of linseed.

ii.     Screening of germplasm for budfly resistance.

iii.    To screen IVT/AVT entries for budfly resistance.

iv.   To find out the ETL level for economical control of linseed budfly infestation.

v.    To know the relationship between pest incidence and weather factor.


Organization and Structure

            The research work on linseed is carried out mainly on Breeding, Agronomy, Plant Pathology and Entomology. The scientist working in different discipline in X th plan (2002-2007) is given below.

 

Scientist working in Linseed Research Project.

Sr. No.

Name of Scientist/ Staff

Designation

Sanctioned post

Qualification

Discipline

1.

Dr. P. R.  Manapure

Senior Scientist and Linseed Breeder

1

M.Sc. (Agri.), Ph.D. (GPB)

Genetics and Plant Breeding

2.

Shri. R.R. Nikam

Jr. Agronomist

1

M.Sc. (Agri.)

Agronomy

3.

Dr. A. A. Chaudhari

Jr. Agronomist

1

M.Sc. (Agri.), Ph.D. (Agronomy)

Agronomy

4.

Shri. R.T. Gohokar

Jr. Pathologist

1

M.Sc. (Agri.)

Plant Pathology

5.

Shri. N.G. Thakare

Jr. Entomologist

1

M.Sc. (Agri.)

Entomology

6.

Mr. B.S. Wanjari

Agril. Assistant

1

Diploma in Agriculture

-

7.

Mr. H.S. Mahalle

Agril. Assistant

1

Diploma in Agriculture

-

 

 

Linseed Variety Released :

 

1) Linseed

 

Released Variety of Linseed

 

Name of Variety

:

NL-97   

Year of Release

:

1997

Parent

:

R-7 x RLC-4

Breeding Method

:

Pedigree

Recommended ecology

:

Suitable for timely sown rainfed condition of Vidarbha region

Plant Height

:

50-55 cm

Varietal Character

:

Blue colour flower, 6-7 branches per plant, 59 capsule per plant

Duration

:

115 to 120 days

Maturity Group

:

Medium

Reaction of Major Pest/Diseases

:

Moderately resistant alternaria blight powdery mildew and budfly and tolerant to wilt.

Seed colour

:

Brown

Spacing

:

30 cm row to row and 3-5 cm plant to plant

Plant Population

:

7-8 lakh per hectare

Fertilizer Dose

:

25:25:00 NPK kg/ha

Seed Rate

:

25 kg/ha

1000 Seed Wt.

:

6.8 gm

Oil Percentage

:

44%

Average Yield

:

600-1200 kg/ha

 


2) Linseed

 

 

Released Variety of Linseed

 

Name of Variety

:

NL-142

Year of Identification

:

2004

Parent

:

R - 7 x RLC - 6

Breeding Method

:

Pedigree

Recommended ecology

:

Suitable for Rabi season under Irrigated condition.

Zone III comprising Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh.

Plant Height

:

55 to 60 cm

Varietal Character

:

Flower - blue colour, disc shape and medium size

Duration

:

118 to 123 days

Maturity Group

:

Medium

Reaction of Major Pest/Diseases

:

Moderately susceptible to wilt, alternaria blight and rust and moderately resistant to powdery mildew and bud fly. Resistant to leaf minor.

Seed Colour

:

Brown with shining

Spacing

:

30 cm row to row and 3-5 cm plant to plant

Plant Population

:

7-8 lakh per hectare

Fertilizer Dose

:

60:30:00 NPK kg/ha

Seed Rate

:

25 kg/ha

1000 Seed Wt.

:

6.5 g

Oil Percentage

:

42 %

Average Yield

:

Average 1510 kg/ha

 


 


 3) Linseed

 

Released Variety of Linseed

 

Name of Variety

:

NL-165

Year of Identification

:

2007

Parent

:

NL-24 x JLT-18

Breeding Method

:

Pedigree

Recommended ecology

:

Suitable for Rabi season under Irrigated condition.

Zone III comprising Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh.

Plant Height

:

55-60 cm

Varietal Character

:

Flower Blue colour, funnel form and medium size

Duration

:

116-121 days

Maturity Group

:

Medium

Reaction of Major Pest/Diseases

:

Moderately resistant to wilt, powdery mildew and budfly. Moderately susceptible to alternaria blight and resistant to leaf minor.

Seed colour

:

Light Brown

Spacing

:

30 cm row to row and 3-5 cm plant to plant

Plant Population

:

7-8 lakh per hectare

Fertilizer Dose

:

25:25:00 NPK kg/ha

Seed Rate

:

25 kg/ha

1000 Seed Wt.

:

6.4 gm

Oil Percentage

:

40%

Average Yield

:

Average 1629 kg/ha (1600-2300 kg/ha)

 

 


4) Linseed

 

Released Variety of Linseed

 

Name of Variety

:

PKV-NL-260

 

Year of Release

:

2009

Parent

:

R-552 x RLC-6

Breeding Method

:

Pedigree

Recommended ecology

:

Suitable for Rabi season :

                   Rainfed – Last week of October

                   Irrigated – First week of November

Plant Height

:

45-63 cm

Varietal Character

:

Flower Blue colour,

Duration

:

Average 105 days (97-111days)

Maturity Group

:

Early

Reaction of Major Pest/Diseases

:

Moderately resistant to alternaria, powdery mildew and budfly.

Seed colour

:

Light Brown

Spacing

:

30 cm row to row distance

Plant Population

:

7-8 lakh per hectare

Fertilizer Dose

:

25:25:00 NPK kg/ha

Seed Rate

:

25 kg/ha

1000 Seed Wt.

:

7.6 gm

Oil Percentage

:

38 %

Average Yield

:

Average 963 kg/ha (900-1800 kg/ha)

 

 

New Projects

 

1.         ICAR-NAIP Project

1. Title: “Sustainable Rural Livelihood Security in Backward District of Maharashtra: Linseed Intervention”.

Consortia Partners: BAIF Development Research Foundation, Pune as lead centre      (1) Interactive Research School for Health Affairs (IRSHA), Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune; (2) Mahatama Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri; (3) Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola; (4) Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Nagpur and (5) Dr. Hedgewar Seva Samiti, Nandurbar as Cooperating Centres.

Objective:

i)     Promotion of high yielding and resistant varieties of linseed. (NL-97 and NL-260)

ii)    Improved package of production and protection for increasing productivity.

iii)   Training to farmers for seed production of improved varieties at village level.

Budget to AICRP on Linseed: 170 Lakhs

 

2.         Title: “A Value Chain on Linseed: Processing and Value Addition for                    Profitability”.

Consortia Partners: BAIF Development Research Foundation, Pune as lead centre (1) Interactive Research School for Health Affairs (IRSHA), Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune; (2) Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola;

Objective:

i)     Seed production of improved high yielding and resistant varieties of Linseed.

ii)    Screening of Linseed varieties for SDG (Secoisolariciresinol diglucoside) and Fatty acid profile.

Budget to AICRP on Linseed: 153 Lakhs

 

3.         Indo-Canadian Project On Linseed Biotechnology

Title: “Towards genetic improvement of flax for oil and agronomic traits”.

Collaborative Partners: (1) National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), Pune, (2) Interactive Research School for Health Affairs (IRSHA), Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune, (3) AICRP on Linseed, College of Agriculture, Nagpur, Dr. P.D.K.V., Akola,  (4) NRC-Plant Biotechnology Institute, 110 Gymnasium Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Objective:

i)     Generating Comprehensive Genomics resource base.

ii)    Molecular marker development and exploitation.

iii)   Exploring fatty acid synthesis and other nutritional aspects of flax.

iv)   Molecular genetics of genes associated with important traits.

v)    Application of genomic and molecular tools in flax improvement.

Activity:

i)     Development of comprehensive genomic resources main responsibility.

ii)    Development of molecular markers suitable for application in flax breeding.

iii)   Understanding and elucidating biosynthesis and regulatory mechanisms in fatty acid biosynthetic pathways.

iv)   Translational research : Beginning in project period may extend beyond the project period.

  Budget to AICRP on Linseed: 20 Lakhs

 

Contact Information

 

Linseed Breeder

AICRP on Linseed

College of Agriculture,

Opp.Nagpur University Library,

Near Horticulture Section, Nagpur - 440001

Phone: 0712-2541245

 

                                                                                                                   

                                                                                                                                               

 

 

PDKV, Akola

MCAER, Pune

ICAR, New Delhi

IARI, New Delhi

Mah.State Agri. Dept

Dept. of Agriculture & Co-operation,  Govt. of India

Govt. of India website

Mah.State Agri.Marketing Board

Agri.Marketing Network, Govt. of India

 

 

 

 

 

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