All India Crop Improvement Project
*** Linseed ***
2. Scientist working in project
5. Mandate and objective of projects
6. Research Activities and Research Achievements
7. Variety Released
ALL INDIA COORDINATED RESEARCH
PROJECT ON OILSEEDS
(LINSEED, SESAME & MUSTARD)
ALL INDIA COORDINATED RESEARCH PROJECT ON OILSEEDS
(LINSEED, SESAME & MUSTARD)
The AICRP on linseed and sesame was established at main campus of Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola in April 1985. Subsequently this project was shifted to College of Agriculture, Nagpur from 1987 and AICRP on Rapeseed Mustard in June 2009. The work on the improvement of linseed in the Vidarbha region was started in the section of Economic Botanist, Nagpur in 1924-25 and one high yielding strain, EB-3 with higher oil content was developed. From 1934 to 1944, the work on this crop was done under the Oilseeds Research Scheme, Central Provinces, Nagpur and two improved strains, No-3 and No-55 possessing higher yield and higher oil content were developed. These strains though well suited to Vidarbha conditions were not resistant to rust. Attempts were, therefore made to develop rust resistant, high- yielding strains such as IP-135 and IP-328. As a result of hybridization and subsequent selection, one improved strain, C-429 was developed and released for cultivation in 1958. It combines high yield and high oil content No.-3 with rust resistance of IP-135. After the establishment of All India Coordinated Research Project on Linseed and Sesame in 1987 at College of Agriculture, Nagpur following varieties were released for commercial cultivation. Dr. P. B. Ghorade, was the Principal Scientist of this AICRP Project.
1) NL-97 (1999)
2) NL-142 (2004) (Identified for Zone-III Irrigated)
3) NL-165 (2007) (Identified for Zone-III Irrigated)
4) PKV-NL-260 (2009)
2) AKT-64 (Kharif) (1995-96)
3) AKT-101 (Summer) (2001)
4) PKV-NT-11 (Summer) (2009)
1) PKV-Shatak (2005)
Linseed is an important oilseed crop in India and occupies 468.0 thousand ha with productivity of 349 kg/ha. In Maharashtra linseed is grown on 68.0 thousand ha with productivity of 279 kg/ha (Table-1.1). The cultivation of linseed is mainly concentrated in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. The productivity in Maharashtra is low due to cultivation of linseed under no input condition, utera system of cropping and major linseed growing areas under moisture stress situation. However, there is an increase in Area (+25.93%), Production (+58.33%) and Productivity (+25.68) over 2002-2003 with the release of Linseed variety NL-97 in 1999.
Every part of the linseed plant is utilized commercially either directly or after processing. The linseed oil primarily goes to industries for manufacture of paints, varnish, oil cloth, linoleum and pad ink. The oil cake is a good for milch cattle. The stem yields fiber of good quality having high strength and durability. The woody matter and short fibers are used as a raw pulp for making paper of quality. Linseed oil possesses a very healthy fatty acid profile, particularly, Omega-3 (Alpha Linolenic Acid), richest source only in linseed (58%). ALA provides beneficial effects in numerous clinical conditions such as, cardiovascular disease, inflammatory disorders, immune function and cancer etc.
Area, Production and Productivity of Linseed in Maharashtra and India
(2002 to 2007).
Mandate and Objectives of the Project
i. Development of high yielding varieties with high oil content for rainfed conditions.
ii. Development of short duration varieties (105 days).
iii. Development of Linseed varieties resistance to budfly, alternaria blight and powdery mildew.
iv. Screening of Germplasm under abiotic stress.
v. Maintenance, evaluation and utilization of germplasm.
vi. Value addition and product diversification for pharmaceutical and neutraceuticals purpose.
i. To study the production potentials and economics of different crops.
ii. To find out optimum dose of NP for linseed crop sequence.
iii. To find out suitable sowing scheduled and variety of Linseed for prevalent double cropping systems of the region.
iv. To find out suitable moisture conservation practices for Linseed cultivation under rainfed conditions.
v. To find out optimum seed rate as well as extra early variety of Linseed for zone IV.
vi. To find out the response of AVT (I) 2nd year entries to sowing schedule and fertilizer application.
vii. To find out response of AVT (R) and EEMT entries of zone IV to seed rate and fertilizer application.
i. To know the prevailance of linseed diseases occurring in the region.
ii. To evaluate genotypes resistant against Powdery mildew.
iii. To judge the tolerance potential of genotypes against Powdery mildew under natural and artificial condition.
iv. To screen the advance breeding cultures before including in IVT for Powdery mildew resistant.
v. To know the disease reaction in breeding and agronomical trials against Powdery mildew and Alternaria blight.
i. To study the population dynamics of major insect pest of linseed.
ii. Screening of germplasm for budfly resistance.
iii. To screen IVT/AVT entries for budfly resistance.
iv. To find out the ETL level for economical control of linseed budfly infestation.
v. To know the relationship between pest incidence and weather factor.
Organization and Structure
The research work on linseed is carried out mainly on Breeding, Agronomy, Plant Pathology and Entomology. The scientist working in different discipline in X th plan (2002-2007) is given below.
Scientist working in Linseed Research Project.
Linseed Variety Released :
1. ICAR-NAIP Project
1. Title: “Sustainable Rural Livelihood Security in Backward District of Maharashtra: Linseed Intervention”.
Consortia Partners: BAIF Development Research Foundation, Pune as lead centre (1) Interactive Research School for Health Affairs (IRSHA), Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune; (2) Mahatama Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri; (3) Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola; (4) Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Nagpur and (5) Dr. Hedgewar Seva Samiti, Nandurbar as Cooperating Centres.
i) Promotion of high yielding and resistant varieties of linseed. (NL-97 and NL-260)
ii) Improved package of production and protection for increasing productivity.
iii) Training to farmers for seed production of improved varieties at village level.
Budget to AICRP on Linseed: 170 Lakhs
2. Title: “A Value Chain on Linseed: Processing and Value Addition for Profitability”.
Consortia Partners: BAIF Development Research Foundation, Pune as lead centre (1) Interactive Research School for Health Affairs (IRSHA), Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune; (2) Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola;
i) Seed production of improved high yielding and resistant varieties of Linseed.
ii) Screening of Linseed varieties for SDG (Secoisolariciresinol diglucoside) and Fatty acid profile.
Budget to AICRP on Linseed: 153 Lakhs
3. Indo-Canadian Project On Linseed Biotechnology
Title: “Towards genetic improvement of flax for oil and agronomic traits”.
Collaborative Partners: (1) National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), Pune, (2) Interactive Research School for Health Affairs (IRSHA), Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune, (3) AICRP on Linseed, College of Agriculture, Nagpur, Dr. P.D.K.V., Akola, (4) NRC-Plant Biotechnology Institute, 110 Gymnasium Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.
i) Generating Comprehensive Genomics resource base.
ii) Molecular marker development and exploitation.
iii) Exploring fatty acid synthesis and other nutritional aspects of flax.
iv) Molecular genetics of genes associated with important traits.
v) Application of genomic and molecular tools in flax improvement.
i) Development of comprehensive genomic resources main responsibility.
ii) Development of molecular markers suitable for application in flax breeding.
iii) Understanding and elucidating biosynthesis and regulatory mechanisms in fatty acid biosynthetic pathways.
iv) Translational research : Beginning in project period may extend beyond the project period.
Budget to AICRP on Linseed: 20 Lakhs
AICRP on Linseed
College of Agriculture,
Opp.Nagpur University Library,
Near Horticulture Section, Nagpur - 440001