All India Crop Improvement Project on
College of Agriculture, Nagpur
I. GENERAL INFROMATION OF THE PROJECT
Project Title : All India Co-ordinated Research
Project on Agroforestry
Implementing Agency : Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth
Krishinagar, Akola444104 (Maharashtra)
Location : College of Agriculture, Nagpur
Date of Implementation : February – 1991
II. BACK GROUND INFORMATION
All India Co-ordinated Research Project on Agroforestry (AICRP on Agroforestry) is one of the co-ordinating centre of ICAR. The implementation of this project at College of Agriculture, Nagpur under Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola (M.S.) started in February1991. The project was sanctioned on 75:25 basis to be shared by ICAR and State Government respectively. The project was initiated with the objectives of popularization of Agroforestry in the region.
The Jurisdiction of Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola where the Co-ordinated Research Project on Agroforestry is established covers Vidarbha region of Maharashtra State. The Vidarabha region is divided into three Agro-climatic zones and its features are as below:
1) Western Vidarbha Zone
It comprises of Washim, Akola, Amravati, Buldana and part of Yavatmal district. It receives 750-950 mm rainfall. Major soil groups in the region are medium to black soils and traces of alluvial, saline and alkaline soils.
2) Central Vidarbha Zone
It receives rainfall of about 950-1250 mm and comprises of Wardha, Nagpur, Yavatmal and part of Chandrapur district. The major soil groups are of medium deep black soils, eastern part of this region is dominated by shallow black soils.
3) Eastern Vidarbha Zone
This region receives rainfall of about 1250 to 1750 mm consists of entire Gadchiroli, Bhandara, Gondia, Chandrapur and part of Nagpur district. The soils comprises of shallow, moderately deep black, yellowish to red soils, and alluvial to sandy loam soils.
Major Crops Grown:
Paddy, Sorghum, Cotton, Chilli, Pigeon pea, Groundnut in Kharif and Wheat, Gram, Lineseed, Sunflower, Safflower in Rabi.
Forest types occuring in Vidarbha region:
Diversity in edaphoclimatic conditions supports variety of cultivated and natural vegetation. Total geographical area of Vidarbha region is 97.23 lakh hectares, which is 29.98% of the geographical area of Maharashtra State. Total forest area of Maharashtra State is 53.66 Lakh hectares out of which 27.57 Lakh hectares is under forest in Vidarbha i.e. 51.38% forest area of the state lies in Vidarbha region. Teak being dominant vegetation occupies 23.03% forest area and 76.97% area is under miscellaneous forest.
The districtwise forest cover presents a disparity in the distribution of forest cover in Vidarbha region which Gadchiroli 78% and Akola 6%.
According to Champion and Seth (1968) the forest of the Vidarbha region have been classified as Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest- 5A and is further grouped into:
1) Tropical dry deciduous teak forest
2) Tropical moist deciduous forest.
3) Tropical dry deciduous bamboo brakes.
4) Tropical mixed deciduous forest.
The important trees species occurring in the region are:
Tectona grandise (Teak) , Gmelina arboria (Shivan), Terminalia arjuna (Ain), Pterocarpus marsupium (Bija), Anogisus latifolia (Dhawada), Acacia catechu (Khair), Dalbergia latifolia (Chichwa), Acacia arabica (Babool), Azardichta indica (Neem), Terminalia arjuna (Arjun), Teminalia chebula (Hirda), Terminalia bellrica (Beheda ), Luceana lucacephala (Subabool), Eucalyptus terticornis (nilgiri) , Glyricidia maculata (giripushpa), Sizigium cumini (Jamun), Buchanania lanzan (Charoli), Diospyros melanoxylan (Tendu) , Ailanthus excelsa (Maharukh) etc.
Bamboo : Dendrocalmus strictus (Manvel ), Bamboosa bambose (Katang )
Sagargoti, Chilar, Lantana, Bharati, Shikekai, Nirgudi, Yeruni, etc.
Mandate and Objectives:
i) Diagnostic Survey and appraisal of existing farming systems and Agroforestry practices.
ii) Research related to basic and applied aspects including development of appropriate methodologies for Agroforestry Systems.
iii) To develop various Agroforestry systems.
i) Collection, screening and selection of promising germplasm indigenous as well as exotic species from different ecological regions.
ii) Developing different Agri-silvicultural, Agri- horticultural and Silvipastoral technique acceptable to local population.
iii) Developing sequential systems of inter cropping.
iv) Evolving the economics of different Agroforestry systems and establishing it's co-relation with management Viz. conservation, development and utilization.
AICRP on Agroforestry
College of Agriculture,
Opp. Nagpur University Library,
Nagpur - 440001
Mobile : 9422831053
Mah.State Agri. Dept
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